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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月22日 10:00:15
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(义)(乌)(、广)(东)(、台)(湾)(的)(企)(业)(居)(多)(,他)(们)(模)(仿)(藏)(族)(宗)(教)(、民)(俗)(特)(色)(,生)(产)(出)(一)(些)(法)(器)(、佛)(像)(、天)(珠)(等)(产)(品)(来)(这)(里)(销)(售)(。这)(里)(的)(商)(铺)(也)(大)(都)(去)(这)(些)(地)(方)(进)(货)(。”  在)(这)(里)(开)(店)(近)(4年)(的)(赵)(玉)(英)(也)(同)(意)(赵)(晓)(欧)(的)(说)(法)(,她)(说)(,内)(地)(企)(业)(生)(产)(的)(藏)(族)(工)(艺)(品)(品)(种)(多)(,价)(格)(也)(便)(宜)(,很)(快)(占)(领)(了)(西)(藏)(的)(市)(场)(。“西)(藏)(当)(地)(生)(产)(的)(品)(种)(太)(少)(。在)(市)(面)(上)(卖)(的)(只)(有)(一)(些)(旧)(家)(具)(、旧)(唐)(卡)(、卡)(垫)(和)(包)(。而)(且)(他)(们)(大)(都)(是)(家)(庭)(作)(坊)(生)(产)(,基)(本)(没)(有)(规)(模)(生)(产)(的)(企)(业)(。”正)(是)(由)(于)(西)(藏)(当)(地)(生)(产)(的)(工)(艺)(品)(品)(种)(单)(一)(、价)(格)(较)(贵)(,西)(藏)(当)(地)(的)(商)(户)(基)(本)(上)(都)(不)(在)(西)(藏)(进)(货)(。  从)(四)(川)(来)(拉)(萨)(旅)(游)(的)(田)(小)(姐)(慕)(名)(来)(到)(八)(廓)(街)(,她)(在)(一)(家)(小)(铺)(子)(里)(左)(挑)(右)(选)(,打)(算)(买)(些)(藏)(族)(特)(色)(的)(工)(艺)(品)(送)(朋)(友)(,“总)(觉)(得)(这)(些)(工)(艺)(品)(做)(工)(粗)(糙)(,像)(是)(小)(商)(品)(批)(发)(市)(场)(的)(东)(西)(。”  田)(小)(姐)(的)(疑)(惑)(正)(中)(生)(产)(藏)(族)(工)(艺)(品)(的)(内)(地)(企)(业)(软)(肋)(,他)(们)(生)(产)(的)(藏)(族)(工)(艺)(品)(虽)(然)(价)(格)(便)(宜)(,但)(是)(做)(工)(粗)(糙)(,“所)(以)(,八)(廓)(街)(工)(艺)(品)(市)(场)(另)(外)(30%的)(份)(额)(基)(本)(被)(尼)(泊)(尔)(和)(印)(度)(占)(据)(。”赵)(晓)(欧)(说)(。  尼)(泊)(尔)(和)(印)(度)(都)(是)(和)(西)(藏)(接)(壤)(的)(国)(家)(,他)(们)(一)(直)(盯)(着)(西)(藏)(工)(艺)(品)(市)(场)(。尼)(泊)(尔)(服)(装)(很)(早)(就)(进)(入)(了)(西)(藏)(市)(场)(,现)(在)(,他)(们)(又)(在)(旅)(游)(商)(品)(市)(场)(下)(功)(夫)(。他)(们)(借)(鉴)(西)(藏)(的)(工)(艺)(、民)(族)(风)(格)(和)(特)(色)(开)(发)(了)(大)(量)(有)(藏)(族)(特)(色)(的)(旅)(游)(品)(。  由)(于)(尼)(泊)(尔)(产)(品)(做)(工)(精)(细)(,价)(格)(也)(不)(贵)(,这)(就)(吸)(引)(了)(很)(多)(八)(廓)(街)(的)(商)(户)(去)(尼)(泊)(尔)(进)(货)(。“以)(前)(都)(是)(卖)(西)(藏)(本)(地)(的)(唐)(卡)(,现)(在)(我)(们)(大)(多)(是)(改)(从)(尼)(泊)(尔)(进)(货)(。”赵)(晓)(欧)(说)(,现)(在)(基)(本)(上)(八)(廓)(街)(的)(每)(个)(商)(铺)(都)(有)(尼)(泊)(尔)(生)(产)(的)(工)(艺)(品)(。八)(廓)(街)(上)(一)(帽)(子)(摊)(。游)(客)(驻)(足)(八)(廓)(街)(商)(摊)(  ————————  ◎布)(达)(拉)(宫)(“限)(客)(令)(”西)(藏)(面)(临)(“旅)(游)(之)(伤)(”  在)(不)(少)(游)(人)(眼)(中)(,没)(看)(布)(达)(拉)(宫)(等)(于)(没)(到)(过)(西)(藏)(。可)(是)(伴)(随)(着)(青)(藏)(铁)(路)(开)(通)(的)(喜)(讯)(,还)(传)(出)(了)(布)(达)(拉)(宫)(将)(限)(制)(游)(客)(的)(“坏)(消)(息)(”。  不)(仅)(仅)(是)(限)(客)(,门)(票)(涨)(价)(的)(传)(闻)(也)(是)(山)(雨)(欲)(来)(。尽)(管)(权)(威)(部)(门)(称)(年)(内)(不)(会)(涨)(价)(,但)(涨)(价)(方)(案)(似)(乎)(早)(已)(酝)(酿)(良)(久)(。有)(关)(部)(门)(建)(议)(涨)(价)(的)(理)(由)(,是)(为)(了)(通)(过)(提)(高)(门)(票)(的)(价)(格)(来)(控)(制)(游)(客)(数)(量)(,并)(且)(是)(实)(行)(夏)(季)(和)(冬)(季)(票)(价)(浮)(动)(制)(……全)(文)(  ◎西)(藏)(游)(淡)(季)(不)(淡)(一)(季)(度)(旅)(游)(总)(收)(入)(突)(破)(1亿)(元)(  ◎  ◎  切)(分)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(蛋)(糕)(的)(壁)(垒)(不)(高)(  民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(是)(民)(族)(文)(化)(的)(长)(期)(沉)(淀)(,具)(有)(非)(常)(独)(特)(的)(工)(艺)(、式)(样)(及)(款)(式)(,民)(族)(产)(品)(应)(该)(具)(有)(较)(高)(的)(差)(别)(化)(。再)(加)(上)(西)(藏)(文)(化)(的)(神)(秘)(性)(和)(原)(始)(性)(,西)(藏)(的)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(产)(品)(更)(应)(该)(具)(有)(独)(特)(性)(。然)(而)(目)(前)(在)(市)(场)(上)(流)(动)(的)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(品)(因)(其)(技)(术)(含)(量)(不)(高)(、工)(艺)(简)(单)(、款)(式)(容)(易)(模)(仿)(,所)(以)(在)(产)(品)(差)(别)(化)(方)(面)(所)(导)(致)(的)(制)(造)(壁)(垒)(并)(不)(高)(。  西)(藏)(大)(学)(经)(济)(管)(理)(学)(院)(成)(立)(相)(关)(的)(课)(题)(小)(组)(跟)(踪)(调)(查)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(已)(达)(5年)(之)(久)(,他)(们)(的)(调)(查)(显)(示)(,在)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(企)(业)(中)(,资)(产)(规)(模)(超)(过)(1000万)(的)(仅)(两)(家)(,职)(工)(超)(过)(500人)(的)(仅)(一)(家)(,西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(企)(业)(基)(本)(上)(都)(属)(于)(小)(型)(企)(业)(。很)(多)(集)(体)(企)(业)(的)(厂)(房)(也)(不)(过)(几)(十)(平)(方)(米)(,与)(家)(庭)(作)(坊)(没)(有)(太)(大)(的)(差)(别)(。在)(西)(藏)(,建)(立)(一)(个)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(企)(业)(所)(需)(的)(资)(金)(不)(多)(、规)(模)(不)(大)(。因)(此)(,规)(模)(经)(济)(对)(于)(手)(工)(业)(行)(业)(的)(进)(入)(壁)(垒)(也)(很)(低)(。八)(廓)(街)(一)(摊)(主)(及)(其)(商)(摊)(  课)(题)(小)(组)(成)(员)(袁)(中)(华)(说)(,由)(于)(进)(入)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(市)(场)(的)(门)(槛)(低)(,有)(资)(金)(优)(势)(的)(企)(业)(很)(容)(易)(就)(能)(进)(来)(。他)(说)(,浙)(江)(的)(一)(些)(商)(人)(凭)(借)(其)(资)(金)(优)(势)(,通)(过)(对)(市)(场)(上)(相)(关)(商)(品)(的)(模)(仿)(,轻)(而)(易)(举)(地)(就)(进)(入)(了)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(,参)(与)(了)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(这)(一)(块)(市)(场)(蛋)(糕)(的)(瓜)(分)(。云)(南)(的)(五)(金)(工)(艺)(企)(业)(也)(已)(经)(大)(批)(地)(进)(入)(西)(藏)(参)(与)(竞)(争)(。  产)(品)(的)(易)(模)(仿)(性)(很)(容)(易)(造)(成)(“搭)(便)(车)(”行)(为)(的)(发)(生)(。一)(旦)(某)(个)(企)(业)(研)(发)(出)(新)(的)(品)(种)(、款)(式)(,很)(快)(就)(会)(有)(其)(它)(企)(业)(的)(模)(仿)(跟)(进)(,所)(以)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(企)(业)(一)(般)(不)(愿)(意)(在)(产)(品)(、技)(术)(的)(研)(发)(上)(进)(行)(过)(多)(投)(入)(。除)(了)(几)(个)(规)(模)(稍)(大)(的)(企)(业)(有)(极)(小)(的)(投)(入)(之)(外)(,其)(它)(的)(许)(多)(小)(企)(业)(甚)(至)(根)(本)(就)(没)(有)(产)(品)(设)(计)(开)(发)(人)(员)(,基)(本)(上)(是)(依)(靠)(老)(师)(傅)(的)(传)(统)(经)(验)(或)(者)(已)(经)(设)(计)(好)(的)(定)(单)(进)(行)(生)(产)(。单)(纯)(依)(靠)(师)(傅)(帮)(传)(和)(经)(验)(研)(发)(产)(品)(的)(方)(式)(与)(市)(场)(激)(烈)(变)(化)(下)(对)(产)(品)(设)(计)(变)(化)(的)(要)(求)(已)(经)(显)(得)(不)(相)(适)(应)(。根)(据)(课)(题)(组)(的)(调)(查)(,49%的)(企)(业)(认)(为)(技)(术)(研)(发)(人)(员)(短)(缺)(,从)(而)(导)(致)(产)(品)(、技)(术)(研)(发)(落)(后)(于)(市)(场)(需)(求)(,造)(成)(现)(在)(市)(面)(上)(西)(藏)(生)(产)(的)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(品)(品)(种)(单)(一)(,无)(人)(问)(津)(。  旅)(游)(业)(再)(次)(给)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(一)(次)(机)(会)(?  藏)(医)(院)(路)(是)(八)(廓)(街)(的)(一)(部)(分)(。两)(年)(前)(,这)(里)(只)(有)(7、8家)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(艺)(店)(。随)(着)(青)(藏)(铁)(路)(的)(开)(通)(,这)(里)(的)(工)(艺)(店)(雨)(后)(春)(笋)(般)(开)(了)(起)(来)(。“大)(概)(增)(加)(了)(30多)(家)(。”赵)(晓)(欧)(算)(了)(一)(下)(。她)(说)(,以)(前)(的)(洗)(衣)(店)(、甜)(茶)(店)(都)(变)(成)(了)(工)(艺)(品)(店)(,现)(在)(这)(条)(街)(上)(80%都)(是)(工)(艺)(品)(店)(。  青)(藏)(铁)(路)(开)(通)(后)(,西)(藏)(的)(旅)(游)(业)(发)(展)(出)(现)(了)(飞)(跃)(,2006年)(总)(共)(接)(待)(中)(外)(游)(客)(250万)(人)(次)(,比)(往)(年)(增)(幅)(达)(40.4%。今)(年)(预)(计)(进)(藏)(旅)(游)(人)(数)(将)(达)(到)(300万)(人)(次)(。购)(物)(是)(旅)(游)(活)(动)(的)(重)(要)(内)(容)(,购)(物)(的)(主)(要)(对)(象)(大)(多)(是)(能)(够)(反)(映)(旅)(游)(地)(方)(特)(色)(的)(纪)(念)(品)(。据)(测)(算)(,国)(际)(上)(一)(位)(游)(客)(旅)(行)(购)(物)(约)(占)(全)(部)(旅)(游)(消)(费)(的)(50%左)(右)(,在)(我)(国)(为)(37%。  据)(西)(藏)(自)(治)(区)(农)(牧)(厅)(统)(计)(,2003年)(西)(藏)(接)(待)(国)(内)(外)(游)(客)(92.86万)(人)(次)(。按)(当)(年)(每)(人)(平)(均)(购)(买)(旅)(游)(产)(品)(价)(值)(500元)(计)(算)(,销)(售)(额)(将)(超)(过)(34.6亿)(元)(,与)(旅)(游)(业)(直)(接)(总)(收)(入)(相)(比)(,达)(到)(45%左)(右)(。而)(西)(藏)(当)(年)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(总)(产)(值)(也)(只)(有)(1亿)(多)(元)(,他)(们)(得)(出)(的)(结)(论)(是)(,西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(旅)(游)(产)(品)(发)(展)(的)(空)(间)(还)(十)(分)(巨)(大)(。  旅)(游)(商)(品)(带)(动)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(的)(政)(策)(早)(在)(上)(世)(纪)(九)(十)(年)(代)(初)(期)(就)(开)(始)(实)(行)(,特)(别)(是)(1994年)(第)(三)(次)(西)(藏)(工)(作)(会)(议)(以)(后)(,西)(藏)(大)(力)(发)(展)(旅)(游)(商)(品)(生)(产)(,民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(企)(业)(收)(效)(明)(显)(。1996年)(,生)(产)(旅)(游)(商)(品)(实)(现)(利)(润)(560万)(元)(,比)(1985年)(增)(长)(76%。旅)(游)(产)(品)(销)(售)(额)(已)(占)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(产)(值)(的)(15%,品)(种)(规)(格)(发)(展)(到)(730多)(个)(。  但)(是)(,进)(入)(上)(世)(纪)(九)(十)(年)(代)(末)(期)(,尤)(其)(是)(本)(世)(纪)(初)(以)(来)(,由)(于)(市)(场)(的)(快)(速)(变)(化)(,竞)(争)(的)(加)(剧)(,部)(分)(产)(品)(的)(市)(场)(开)(始)(萎)(缩)(,西)(藏)(许)(多)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(企)(业)(难)(以)(应)(对)(外)(部)(环)(境)(的)(变)(化)(,过)(去)(的)(相)(关)(政)(策)(已)(经)(过)(时)(,管)(理)(机)(构)(出)(现)(缺)(位)(,西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(出)(现)(滑)(坡)(。  民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(是)(民)(族)(文)(化)(的)(载)(体)(,它)(所)(蕴)(含)(的)(独)(特)(的)(价)(值)(观)(念)(和)(审)(美)(意)(识)(,是)(民)(族)(文)(化)(传)(统)(、民)(族)(特)(色)(、生)(活)(习)(俗)(、地)(理)(资)(源)(的)(沉)(淀)(。民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(像)(是)(活)(的)(民)(族)(历)(史)(,它)(的)(衰)(退)(带)(来)(的)(不)(仅)(是)(经)(济)(上)(的)(损)(失)(,更)(多)(的)(是)(文)(化)(上)(的)(遗)(憾)(。  青)(藏)(铁)(路)(的)(开)(通)(,旅)(游)(业)(的)(兴)(盛)(,必)(定)(扩)(大)(西)(藏)(旅)(游)(产)(品)(市)(场)(。这)(是)(西)(藏)(的)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(的)(一)(次)(机)(会)(,但)(是)(面)(对)(外)(省)(市)(企)(业)(对)(这)(次)(机)(会)(的)(竞)(争)(,西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(感)(受)(更)(多)(的)(是)(挑)(战)(。不)(知)(西)(藏)(民)(族)(手)(工)(业)(能)(否)(依)(靠)(自)(己)(独)(特)(的)(文)(化)(再)(次)(崛)(起)(,不)(知)(何)(时)(旅)(游)(者)(能)(拿)(着)(地)(道)(的)(西)(藏)(手)(工)(艺)(品)(满)(意)(而)(归)(。  (来)(源)(:新)(华)(网)(西)(藏)(频)(道)())!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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