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朱元璋赐族人“木”姓(图)

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月22日 09:51:43
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西宁开服务租赁费发票██【电\微 15813★310971 李先生】【Q; 25880★8054】 ██▓信誉100%,专业100%,选择我们长期合作共赢!公司经百度推广!朱元璋赐族人“木”姓(图)

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(木)(增)(画)(像)(  电)(视)(剧)(《木)(府)(风)(云)(》的)(热)(播)(,丽)(江)(“木)(府)(”由)(默)(默)(无)(闻)(一)(跃)(成)(为)(家)(喻)(户)(晓)(。木)(府)(是)(丽)(江)(纳)(西)(族)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(衙)(门)(的)(俗)(称)(,由)(明)(洪)(武)(十)(五)(年)((1382)传)(至)(清)(雍)(正)(元)(年)((1723)改)(土)(归)(流)(为)(止)(,共)(历)(十)(八)(位)(土)(司)(341年)(。电)(视)(剧)(主)(要)(表)(现)(的)(木)(增)(,正)(是)(木)(府)(几)(百)(年)(历)(史)(中)(最)(杰)(出)(的)(一)(位)(土)(司)(。  朱)(元)(璋)(赐)(姓)(“木)(”  木)(氏)(一)(族)(的)(祖)(先)(,可)(以)(追)(溯)(到)(唐)(朝)(。到)(宋)(理)(宗)(宝)(yP元)(年)((1253),忽)(必)(烈)(率)(蒙)(古)(军)(征)(讨)(大)(理)(,巨)(津)(州)(阿)(塔)(剌)(率)(军)(抵)(抗)(,而)(通)(安)(州)(的)(麦)(良)(不)(但)(备)(下)(厚)(礼)(前)(往)(迎)(接)(,还)(主)(动)(配)(合)(蒙)(古)(,消)(灭)(了)(抵)(抗)(者)(。忽)(必)(烈)(即)(位)(为)(大)(汗)(后)(,封)(麦)(良)(为)(从)(二)(品)(的)(“茶)(罕)(章)(宣)(慰)(司)(”,又)(累)(功)(升)(至)(“提)(调)(诸)(路)(统)(军)(司)(”。  明)(洪)(武)(十)(五)(年)((1382),朱)(元)(璋)(遣)(傅)(友)(德)(、蓝)(玉)(、沐)(英)(平)(定)(云)(南)(。麦)(良)(的)(后)(人)(、纳)(西)(族)(首)(领)(阿)(甲)(阿)(得)(归)(附)(明)(军)(。朱)(元)(璋)(将)(自)(己)(的)(姓)(去)(掉)(一)(撇)(一)(捺)(,给)(其)(赐)(姓)(“木)(”。第)(二)(年)(,木)(氏)(第)(一)(代)(土)(司)(木)(得)(亲)(往)(南)(京)(,进)(献)(丽)(江)(产)(的)(“玉)(马)(”。七)(十)(多)(岁)(高)(龄)(的)(木)(得)(在)(路)(上)(跋)(涉)(三)(个)(月)(,终)(于)(见)(到)(了)(大)(明)(朝)(的)(开)(国)(皇)(帝)(。朱)(元)(璋)(十)(分)(高)(兴)(,接)(见)(之)(后)(,颁)(旨)(让)(他)(“世)(袭)(土)(官)(知)(府)(,永)(令)(防)(固)(石)(门)(、镇)(御)(蕃)(鞑)(”,下)(辖)(四)(州)(一)(县)(。木)(得)(之)(子)(木)(初)(即)(位)(后)(,也)(亲)(自)(入)(京)(朝)(贡)(。明)(朝)(十)(四)(代)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(中)(,至)(少)(有)(十)(二)(位)(曾)(到)(京)(城)(面)(圣)(,进)(贡)(十)(九)(次)(。  依)(靠)(中)(央)(政)(府)(是)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(的)(既)(定)(“国)(策)(”,木)(公)(曾)(说)(:“凡)(是)(我)(的)(子)(孙)(,接)(受)(朝)(廷)(封)(赐)(的)(官)(职)(,拓)(守)(边)(城)(,不)(可)(动)(摇)(、叛)(乱)(,以)(致)(给)(中)(央)(王)(朝)(造)(成)(忧)(患)(。要)(遵)(照)(朝)(廷)(世)(代)(相)(传)(的)(教)(训)(,不)(能)(够)(紊)(淆)(变)(乱)(,而)(败)(坏)(木)(氏)(家)(族)(的)(家)(训)(。”在)(木)(府)(各)(门)(上)(都)(挂)(有)(“诚)(心)(报)(国)(”、“崇)(德)(”等)(匾)(额)(。有)(趣)(的)(是)(,因)(为)(一)(个)(“木)(”字)(,木)(府)(虽)(然)(仿)(造)(紫)(禁)(城)(,修)(得)(繁)(华)(壮)(丽)(,但)(其)(所)(在)(的)(丽)(江)(古)(城)(却)(没)(有)(城)(墙)(怕)(“口)(”围)(“木)(”,成)(了)(“困)(”。  当)(朝)(廷)(遇)(到)(困)(难)(,木)(氏)(家)(族)(都)(会)(慷)(慨)(解)(囊)(。嘉)(靖)(年)(间)(修)(筑)(宫)(殿)(,木)(高)(出)(银)(5600两)(;万)(历)(时)(朝)(廷)(对)(外)(用)(兵)(,木)(增)(“助)(辽)(饷)(银)(两)(万)(两)(”;到)(了)(明)(末)(的)(天)(启)(二)(年)((1622),木)(氏)(还)(“捐)(银)(一)(千)(两)(助)(国)(,颁)(赏)(阵)(亡)(忠)(孝)(”。对)(于)(朝)(廷)(在)(西)(南)(地)(区)(的)(军)(事)(行)(动)(,木)(氏)(土)(司)(也)(都)(尽)(力)(协)(助)(。明)(王)(朝)(对)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(也)(是)(投)(桃)(报)(李)(,常)(常)(予)(以)(赏)(赐)(,使)(丽)(江)(成)(为)(与)(蒙)(化)(、元)(江)(并)(称)(的)(“云)(南)(三)(大)(土)(府)(”。丽)(江)(木)(府)(的)(辖)(境)(扩)(大)(到)(云)(南)(、四)(川)(、西)(藏)(交)(界)(处)(的)(中)(甸)(、德)(钦)(等)(地)(。  木)(府)(统)(治)(下)(的)(丽)(江)(军)(民)(府)(实)(行)(军)(政)(合)(一)(的)(行)(政)(管)(理)(体)(制)(,即)(所)(谓)(“木)(瓜)(制)(”。“木)(”意)(为)(“兵)(”,“木)(瓜)(”就)(是)(“兵)(营)(”,在)(这)(种)(体)(制)(下)(,民)(众)(既)(是)(士)(兵)(,又)(是)(农)(夫)(,有)(战)(事)(时)(就)(从)(军)(打)(仗)(,和)(平)(时)(期)(就)(在)(家)(务)(农)(。  “木)(天)(王)(”木)(增)(痴)(迷)(道)(教)(  在)(云)(南)(所)(有)(的)(土)(司)(中)(,“知)(诗)(书)(,好)(礼)(守)(义)(,以)(丽)(江)(木)(氏)(为)(首)(”。木)(氏)(土)(司)(中)(甚)(至)(出)(过)(不)(少)(的)(作)(家)(,其)(中)(以)(木)(泰)(、木)(公)(、木)(高)(、木)(青)(、木)(增)(和)(木)(靖)(成)(就)(最)(高)(,被)(后)(人)(尊)(称)(为)(“木)(氏)(六)(公)(”,有)(“文)(墨)(比)(中)(州)(”之)(誉)(。木)(X?1587-1646年)()即)(是)(电)(视)(剧)(《木)(府)(风)(云)(》的)(主)(人)(公)(、丽)(江)(第)(十)(三)(代)(木)(府)(土)(司)(。  木)(青)(在)(位)(只)(有)(两)(年)(,其)(子)(木)(增)(即)(位)(时)(刚)(刚)(十)(一)(岁)(。他)(在)(母)(亲)(的)(支)(持)(下)(,在)(宗)(族)(会)(议)(上)(严)(正)(宣)(布)(:“虽)(然)(连)(遭)(丧)(故)(,但)(朝)(廷)(法)(度)(,祖)(宗)(陈)(规)(俱)(在)(,谁)(敢)(有)(不)(利)(于)(我)(而)(想)(败)(坏)(法)(规)(,决)(不)(饶)(恕)(!”一)(下)(子)(镇)(住)(了)(所)(有)(人)(。  趁)(着)(木)(府)(有)(丧)(,江)(北)(乡)(城)(的)(土)(著)(民)(族)(造)(反)(,向)(丽)(江)(发)(起)(进)(攻)(。少)(年)(木)(增)(挂)(帅)(亲)(征)(,一)(举)(消)(灭)(来)(犯)(的)(敌)(人)(,巩)(固)(了)(木)(氏)(的)(统)(治)(。成)(年)(后)(的)(木)(增)(于)(明)(末)(乱)(世)(之)(中)(,多)(次)(率)(军)(平)(叛)(,击)(退)(吐)(蕃)(的)(侵)(扰)(,被)(朝)(廷)(封)(为)(从)(二)(品)(的)(布)(政)(使)(,这)(是)(历)(代)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(获)(得)(的)(最)(高)(官)(职)(。他)(在)(位)(的)(二)(十)(六)(年)(是)(纳)(西)(族)(历)(史)(上)(最)(为)(强)(盛)(的)(一)(个)(时)(期)(,因)(而)(被)(尊)(为)(“撒)(旦)(杰)(波)(”(丽)(江)(王)()和)(“木)(天)(王)(”。  木)(增)(大)(力)(发)(展)(经)(济)(,在)(南)(坪)(、中)(甸)(、维)(西)(、宁)(蒗)(及)(四)(川)(木)(里)(、西)(藏)(盐)(井)(等)(地)(开)(发)(银)(矿)(、铜)(矿)(、金)(矿)(、铁)(矿)(、盐)(矿)(。在)(康)(巴)(藏)(区)(组)(织)(兴)(修)(水)(利)(,引)(种)(稻)(谷)(。同)(时)(在)(先)(辈)(的)(基)(础)(上)(,扩)(建)(宫)(殿)(,新)(建)(了)(木)(氏)(府)(署)(、忠)(义)(坊)(、白)(沙)(大)(定)(阁)(等)(建)(筑)(,规)(模)(之)(大)(,徐)(霞)(客)(赞)(叹)(其)(“宫)(室)(之)(丽)(,拟)(于)(王)(室)(”。  在)(这)(些)(功)(业)(之)(外)(,木)(增)(还)(留)(下)(诗)(文)(一)(千)(多)(篇)(,被)(收)(在)(《啸)(目)(堂)(诗)(》、《山)(中)(逸)(趣)(》等)(六)(部)(集)(子)(中)(。明)(朝)(翰)(林)(学)(士)(蔡)(毅)(中)(称)(赞)(木)(增)(诗)(“古)(似)(陶)(沈)(,律)(如)(李)(杜)(,奇)(丽)(似)(商)(隐)(”,将)(他)(与)(陶)(渊)(明)(、李)(白)(、杜)(甫)(等)(大)(诗)(人)(相)(比)(。木)(增)(与)(八)(大)(山)(人)(、董)(其)(昌)(等)(人)(也)(有)(书)(信)(往)(来)(。徐)(霞)(客)(在)(丽)(江)(游)(历)(时)(,木)(增)(请)(他)(到)(木)(府)(给)(儿)(子)(木)(懿)(上)(课)(,教)(授)(中)(原)(汉)(文)(化)(。在)(徐)(霞)(客)(的)(游)(记)(中)(留)(下)(很)(多)(有)(关)(丽)(江)(的)(记)(载)(,成)(为)(后)(世)(研)(究)(木)(府)(的)(重)(要)(史)(料)(。  电)(视)(剧)(中)(木)(增)(的)(妻)(子)(阿)(勒)(邱)(也)(是)(史)(有)(其)(人)(,她)(心)(灵)(手)(巧)(,持)(家)(有)(道)(,是)(纳)(西)(族)(妇)(女)(的)(典)(范)(。所)(以)(后)(来)(“阿)(勒)(邱)(”成)(为)(聪)(明)(能)(干)(的)(纳)(西)(妇)(女)(的)(统)(称)(。《木)(府)(风)(云)(》中)(的)(另)(一)(位)(女)(主)(角)(阿)(室)(则)(是)(出)(自)(虚)(构)(。  天)(启)(二)(年)((1622),36岁)(的)(木)(增)(正)(处)(于)(事)(业)(巅)(峰)(,但)(他)(目)(睹)(明)(朝)(江)(河)(日)(下)(,顿)(感)(心)(灰)(意)(冷)(,索)(性)(传)(位)(给)(儿)(子)(木)(懿)(,自)(己)(住)(进)(了)(玉)(龙)(雪)(山)(的)(芝)(山)(别)(墅)(。隐)(居)(期)(间)(,木)(增)(时)(而)(博)(览)(群)(书)(,时)(而)(定)(坐)(思)(禅)(,写)(下)(了)(二)(十)(多)(万)(字)(的)(读)(书)(笔)(记)(《云)(莺)(淡)(墨)(》,既)(汇)(集)(有)(天)(文)(、地)(理)(、生)(物)(等)(各)(学)(科)(知)(识)(,也)(摘)(录)(有)(儒)(、释)(、道)(三)(教)(箴)(言)(。作)(为)(文)(治)(武)(功)(都)(很)(出)(众)(的)(一)(代)(王)(者)(,木)(增)(竟)(“独)(爱)(玄)(同)(契)(老)(庄)(”,信)(奉)(神)(仙)(,对)(道)(家)(清)(静)(无)(为)(的)(理)(论)(身)(体)(力)(行)(,自)(号)(“滇)(西)(华)(马)(水)(月)(道)(人)(”。他)(写)(的)(诗)(中)(,流)(露)(出)(的)(也)(是)(道)(家)(思)(想)(,如)(“有)(心)(岂)(得)(妙)(,无)(年)(适)(真)(和)(”。  木)(增)(死)(后)(,民)(间)(传)(说)(他)(的)(身)(体)(化)(成)(了)(雪)(山)(,并)(预)(言)(:雪)(山)(将)(在)(四)(百)(年)(以)(后)(崩)(塌)(。又)(传)(木)(增)(升)(天)(时)(曾)(说)(:“若)(雪)(山)(崩)(塌)(、金)(沙)(江)(断)(流)(,便)(是)(我)(回)(来)(之)(时)(”。  末)(代)(土)(司)(夫)(人)(秘)(藏)(档)(案)(文)(书)(  吴)(三)(桂)(降)(清)(后)(,率)(兵)(扫)(荡)(云)(南)(,木)(增)(之)(子)(木)(懿)(像)(元)(朝)(时)(的)(祖)(先)(一)(样)(,率)(先)(投)(诚)(,获)(准)(继)(续)(世)(袭)(丽)(江)(土)(知)(府)(。木)(氏)(家)(族)(虽)(然)(掌)(控)(丽)(江)(,但)(中)(央)(权)(力)(已)(经)(日)(益)(渗)(入)(进)(来)(。木)(懿)(在)(位)(的)(后)(期)(,土)(知)(府)(就)(徒)(有)(虚)(名)(了)(。吴)(三)(桂)(以)(平)(西)(王)(身)(份)(统)(治)(云)(南)(时)(,给)(木)(懿)(扣)(上)(一)(个)(“私)(通)(吐)(蕃)(”的)(罪)(名)(,押)(解)(到)(昆)(明)(,向)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(勒)(索)(钱)(粮)(。雍)(正)(元)(年)((1723),纳)(西)(族)(地)(主)(阿)(知)(立)(、阿)(仲)(苴)(等)(,请)(求)(“改)(土)(归)(流)(”。朝)(廷)(当)(即)(同)(意)(改)(设)(流)(官)(知)(府)(,把)(木)(氏)(世)(袭)(的)(土)(知)(府)(降)(为)(土)(通)(判)(。  改)(土)(归)(流)(即)(改)(土)(官)(为)(流)(官)(。土)(官)(是)(一)(族)(世)(袭)(,而)(流)(官)(由)(中)(央)(选)(派)(,实)(行)(任)(期)(制)(。雍)(正)(四)(年)((1726),清)(政)(府)(以)(鄂)(尔)(泰)(为)(云)(贵)(总)(督)(,兼)(辖)(广)(西)(,在)(西)(南)(地)(区)(主)(持)(大)(规)(模)(的)(改)(土)(归)(流)(,镇)(压)(了)(反)(抗)(的)(各)(地)(土)(司)(。少)(数)(民)(族)(地)(区)(的)(“自)(治)(”被)(废)(除)(,中)(央)(政)(府)(实)(现)(了)(行)(政)(权)(力)(上)(的)(统)(一)(。  木)(钟)(是)(丽)(江)(末)(代)(土)(司)(,他)(自)(幼)(被)(寄)(养)(在)(汉)(文)(化)(与)(少)(数)(民)(族)(文)(化)(接)(壤)(的)(姚)(安)(,饱)(读)(儒)(家)(典)(籍)(,对)(这)(种)(政)(治)(变)(故)(的)(意)(义)(,十)(分)(清)(楚)(。闻)(知)(失)(去)(权)(力)(后)(,木)(钟)(顿)(足)(捶)(胸)(,深)(感)(“危)(疑)(忧)(患)(,内)(外)(交)(攻)(”,以)(致)(卧)(床)(不)(起)(。雍)(正)(三)(年)((1725),木)(钟)(病)(故)(。其)(子)(木)(德)(当)(时)(只)(有)(九)(岁)(,承)(袭)(土)(通)(判)(的)(职)(务)(。木)(氏)(在)(政)(治)(上)(失)(去)(了)(权)(力)(,经)(济)(上)(的)(地)(位)(也)(今)(非)(昔)(比)(,田)(产)(牛)(羊)(都)(被)(充)(公)(,以)(致)(木)(家)(“室)(如)(悬)(磬)(,贫)(乏)(难)(堪)(”。后)(来)(几)(番)(争)(取)(,朝)(廷)(才)(同)(意)(发)(还)(一)(些)(土)(地)(,供)(其)(收)(取)(租)(税)(。一)(直)(到)(辛)(亥)(革)(命)(后)(,云)(南)(都)(督)(还)(任)(命)(木)(荫)(为)(“土)(通)(判)(所)(使)(”,木)(标)(、木)(琼)(相)(继)(任)(职)(。  木)(氏)(土)(司)(骤)(然)(失)(势)(,清)(朝)(官)(员)(趁)(机)(向)(木)(钟)(夫)(人)(高)(氏)(索)(要)(古)(玩)(珍)(宝)(,高)(氏)(回)(答)(:“我)(到)(丽)(江)(不)(久)(,仅)(有)(妆)(奁)(,并)(未)(见)(过)(木)(氏)(传)(留)(一)(物)(。”清)(吏)(们)(烧)(毁)(档)(案)(文)(书)(的)(时)(候)(,她)(将)(木)(氏)(历)(代)(保)(有)(的)(敕)(书)(、诰)(命)(秘)(藏)(起)(来)(,所)(以)(今)(天)(我)(们)(才)(能)(清)(楚)(地)(知)(道)(木)(氏)(土)(司)(的)(历)(史)(。  (杨)(津)(涛)()  作)(者)(:杨)(津)(涛)((来)(源)(:天)(津)(日)(报)())!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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