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2012全球碳计划报告:中国人均碳排放远低美国

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月22日 11:32:12
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潍坊开酒店住宿发票██【电\微 15813★310971 李先生】【Q; 25880★8054】 ██▓信誉100%,专业100%,选择我们长期合作共赢!公司经百度推广!2012全球碳计划报告:中国人均碳排放远低美国

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(  本)(报)(记)(者)(张)(炯)(强)(  复)(旦)(大)(学)(复)(旦)(-丁)(铎)(尔)(中)(心)(上)(午)(介)(绍)(:北)(京)(时)(间)(今)(天)(凌)(晨)(,世)(界)(顶)(级)(学)(术)(期)(刊)(《自)(然)(》杂)(志)(的)(《自)(然)(·气)(候)(变)(化)(》专)(刊)(在)(线)(发)(表)(了)(全)(球)(气)(候)(变)(化)(研)(究)(领)(域)(最)(具)(权)(威)(的)(学)(术)(机)(构)(英)(国)(丁)(铎)(尔)(气)(候)(变)(化)(研)(究)(中)(心)(的)(“全)(球)(碳)(计)(划)(”2012年)(度)(研)(究)(成)(果)(。根)(据)(最)(新)(年)(度)(数)(据)(,全)(球)(二)(氧)(化)(碳)(排)(放)(将)(在)(今)(年)(进)(一)(步)(增)(加)(,预)(计)(较)(去)(年)(增)(加)(幅)(度)(为)(2.6%,达)(到)(创)(纪)(录)(的)(356亿)(吨)(。  研)(究)(显)(示)(,2011年)(全)(球)(碳)(排)(放)(最)(多)(的)(国)(家)(和)(地)(区)(包)(括)(:中)(国)((28%),美)(国)((16%),欧)(盟)((11%)和)(印)(度)((7%)。研)(究)(发)(现)(,尽)(管)(总)(量)(偏)(高)(,中)(国)(的)(人)(均)(排)(放)(量)(为)(6.6吨)(,与)(美)(国)(的)(人)(均)(排)(放)(17.2吨)(相)(差)(甚)(远)(。同)(时)(,欧)(盟)(的)(人)(均)(排)(放)(量)(降)(至)(了)(7.3吨)(,仍)(高)(于)(中)(国)(的)(人)(均)(排)(放)(量)(水)(平)(。  专)(家)(对)(世)(界)(气)(候)(前)(景)(表)(示)(忧)(虑)(  研)(究)(指)(出)(,森)(林)(砍)(伐)(和)(其)(他)(土)(地)(利)(用)(的)(变)(化)(使)(全)(球)(排)(放)(总)(量)(相)(对)(于)(化)(石)(燃)(料)(燃)(烧)(排)(放)(又)(增)(加)(了)(10%。到)(2011年)(底)(,大)(气)(中)(二)(氧)(化)(碳)(的)(浓)(度)(达)(到)(了)(391ppm。  在)(伦)(敦)(主)(持)(发)(布)(以)(上)(数)(据)(的)(丁)(铎)(尔)(气)(候)(变)(化)(研)(究)(中)(心)(主)(任)(、东)(英)(吉)(利)(大)(学)(教)(授)(科)(琳)(·乐)(凯)(芮)(表)(示)(:“我)(很)(担)(忧)(,按)(照)(目)(前)(的)(排)(放)(趋)(势)(,全)(球)(气)(候)(进)(一)(步)(恶)(化)(的)(风)(险)(太)(高)(,我)(们)(必)(须)(采)(取)(更)(为)(激)(进)(的)(减)(排)(计)(划)(。”发)(表)(在)(《自)(然)(·气)(候)(变)(化)(》杂)(志)(的)(分)(析)(结)(果)(显)(示)(,为)(保)(证)(实)(现)(将)(全)(球)(变)(暖)(控)(制)(在)(2摄)(氏)(度)(以)(内)(的)(目)(标)(,全)(球)(排)(放)(在)(2020年)(之)(前)(必)(须)(大)(幅)(削)(减)(。  近)(期)(,国)(际)(能)(源)(署)(、联)(合)(国)(环)(境)(项)(目)(、世)(界)(银)(行)(、欧)(洲)(环)(保)(署)(等)(机)(构)(也)(分)(别)(发)(布)(报)(告)(,显)(示)(了)(碳)(排)(放)(情)(况)(的)(紧)(迫)(性)(,这)(些)(报)(告)(的)(分)(析)(均)(指)(出)(,目)(前)(全)(球)(的)(排)(放)(趋)(势)(已)(经)(非)(常)(危)(险)(,可)(能)(会)(对)(人)(类)(社)(会)(带)(来)(严)(重)(后)(果)(和)(巨)(大)(损)(失)(。  如)(何)(看)(待)(中)(国)(碳)(排)(放)(世)(界)(第)(一)(  英)(国)(丁)(铎)(尔)(中)(心)(报)(告)(发)(布)(后)(,复)(旦)(-丁)(铎)(尔)(中)(心)(主)(任)(、复)(旦)(大)(学)(环)(境)(科)(学)(与)(工)(程)(系)(陈)(建)(民)(教)(授)(认)(为)(:“作)(为)(制)(造)(业)(大)(国)(,中)(国)(接)(近)(全)(球)(30%的)(排)(放)(量)(在)(很)(大)(程)(度)(上)(与)(其)(他)(国)(家)(消)(费)(的)(产)(品)(有)(关)(,所)(以)(全)(球)(碳)(排)(放)(责)(任)(的)(归)(属)(非)(常)(复)(杂)(。但)(是)(,中)(国)(在)(目)(前)(治)(理)(城)(市)(空)(气)(污)(染)(中)(所)(取)(得)(的)(进)(展)(显)(示)(了)(我)(们)(迎)(接)(挑)(战)(的)(能)(力)(。”  复)(旦)(-丁)(铎)(尔)(中)(心)(主)(管)(主)(任)(戴)(维)(斯)(教)(授)(指)(出)(:“从)(历)(史)(上)(看)(,发)(达)(国)(家)(须)(对)(大)(气)(中)(二)(氧)(化)(碳)(的)(增)(加)(负)(主)(要)(责)(任)(。但)(是)(今)(天)(的)(挑)(战)(是)(每)(一)(个)(国)(家)(都)(面)(临)(的)(。我)(们)(相)(信)(,中)(国)(的)(改)(革)(和)(创)(新)(以)(及)(所)(掌)(握)(的)(科)(学)(和)(技)(术)(,使)(得)(其)(有)(能)(力)(在)(面)(对)(这)(一)(全)(球)(挑)(战)(时)(起)(主)(要)(的)(引)(领)(作)(用)(。”  目)(前)(联)(合)(国)(在)(卡)(塔)(尔)(多)(哈)(举)(行)(气)(候)(变)(化)(大)(会)(。会)(议)(期)(间)(,英)(国)(丁)(铎)(尔)(中)(心)(发)(布)(了)(有)(关)(全)(球)(碳)(排)(放)(总)(量)(排)(行)(情)(况)(,并)(发)(布)(了)(“中)(国)(碳)(排)(放)(总)(量)(世)(界)(第)(一)(”的)(论)(调)(。对)(此)(,复)(旦)(大)(学)(环)(境)(经)(济)(研)(究)(中)(心)(副)(主)(任)(李)(志)(青)(博)(士)(指)(出)(,国)(际)(研)(究)(机)(构)(这)(一)(论)(调)(,似)(乎)(得)(出)(“中)(国)(碳)(排)(放)(水)(平)(很)(高)(”的)(相)(关)(结)(论)(,但)(是)(,如)(果)(说)(这)(一)(结)(论)(在)(技)(术)(上)(成)(立)(的)(话)(,那)(么)(在)(社)(会)(经)(济)(意)(义)(上)(则)(是)(不)(成)(立)(的)(。  李)(志)(青)(认)(为)(,首)(先)(,人)(均)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(水)(平)(上)(,中)(国)(低)(于)(欧)(美)(;特)(别)(是)(在)(人)(均)(产)(出)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(效)(率)(上)(,中)(国)(更)(加)(远)(远)(低)(于)(欧)(美)(和)(世)(界)(水)(平)(。其)(次)(,时)(间)(结)(构)(上)(,中)(国)(的)(历)(史)(排)(放)(水)(平)(和)(整)(体)(排)(放)(水)(平)(都)(较)(低)(;能)(源)(结)(构)(上)(,中)(国)(一)(直)(体)(现)(为)(“多)(煤)(,少)(油)(,少)(气)(”的)(特)(征)(,去)(除)(这)(个)(权)(重)(因)(素)(,中)(国)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(水)(平)(会)(大)(幅)(下)(降)(。  李)(志)(青)(特)(别)(强)(调)(,在)(贸)(易)(结)(构)(上)(,中)(国)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(有)(“在)(内)(生)(产)(,在)(外)(消)(费)(”的)(转)(移)(特)(征)(,生)(产)(属)(于)(高)(排)(放)(过)(程)(,消)(费)(则)(是)(低)(排)(放)(过)(程)(,也)(就)(是)(说)(中)(国)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(很)(大)(程)(度)(上)(是)(在)(为)(世)(界)(做)(贡)(献)(。从)(这)(个)(角)(度)(去)(分)(析)(,也)(不)(能)(简)(单)(将)(中)(国)(称)(之)(为)(“碳)(排)(放)(第)(一)(大)(国)(”。李)(志)(青)(表)(示)(,从)(历)(史)(比)(较)(的)(角)(度)(,说)(明)(我)(们)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(效)(率)(已)(有)(了)(很)(大)(的)(提)(高)(,碳)(排)(放)(强)(度)(也)(有)(了)(明)(显)(的)(下)(降)(。他)(又)(指)(出)(,中)(国)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(解)(决)(了)(中)(国)(的)(发)(展)(问)(题)(,实)(际)(上)(也)(是)(在)(为)(世)(界)(的)(稳)(定)(和)(发)(展)(提)(供)(“红)(利)(”,做)(出)(了)(贡)(献)(;中)(国)(已)(将)(生)(态)(文)(明)(列)(入)(国)(策)(,提)(出)(建)(设)(美)(丽)(中)(国)(,这)(意)(味)(着)(中)(国)(将)(继)(续)(坚)(持)(节)(能)(减)(排)(的)(道)(路)(,继)(续)(努)(力)(降)(低)(能)(耗)(和)(碳)(排)(放)(水)(平)(,这)(符)(合)(中)(国)(的)(国)(家)(利)(益)(。  中)(国)(应)(逐)(步)(提)(高)(碳)(排)(放)(约)(束)(水)(平)(  李)(志)(青)(建)(议)(,“十)(二)(五)(”期)(间)(,伴)(随)(着)(经)(济)(转)(型)(,中)(国)(应)(逐)(步)(提)(高)(碳)(排)(放)(的)(约)(束)(水)(平)(,包)(括)(以)(比)(例)(和)(总)(量)(控)(制)(等)(方)(式)(落)(实)(节)(能)(减)(排)(的)(各)(项)(政)(策)(,加)(强)(碳)(减)(排)(的)(环)(境)(绩)(效)(考)(核)(等)(。  复)(旦)(大)(学)(环)(境)(科)(学)(与)(工)(程)(系)(教)(授)(董)(文)(博)(指)(出)(,无)(论)(从)(全)(球)(温)(室)(气)(体)(排)(放)(的)(历)(史)(积)(累)(,还)(是)(从)(中)(国)(本)(身)(情)(况)(出)(发)(,都)(应)(正)(确)(客)(观)(看)(待)(中)(国)(的)(碳)(排)(放)(问)(题)(。中)(国)(作)(为)(负)(责)(任)(的)(大)(国)(,近)(年)(来)(在)(减)(缓)(气)(候)(变)(化)(方)(面)(做)(出)(了)(不)(懈)(的)(努)(力)(并)(取)(得)(了)(举)(世)(瞩)(目)(的)(成)(绩)(。  董)(文)(博)(介)(绍)(,1990年)(以)(来)(,全)(球)(单)(位)(产)(出)(的)(二)(氧)(化)(碳)(排)(放)(量)(平)(均)(下)(降)(了)(15%,美)(国)(下)(降)(了)(27%,中)(国)(则)(下)(降)(了)(50%。中)(国)(的)(煤)(电)(消)(耗)(,由)(于)(采)(用)(了)(先)(进)(的)(技)(术)(,目)(前)(每)(度)(电)(煤)(耗)(已)(经)(降)(至)(300克)(以)(内)(,优)(于)(多)(数)(发)(达)(国)(家)(水)(平)(;中)(国)(的)(吨)(钢)(能)(耗)(,从)(1990年)(的)(1.5吨)(下)(降)(至)(目)(前)(的)(0.6吨)(左)(右)(,也)(达)(到)(了)(世)(界)(先)(进)(水)(平)(。同)(时)(,中)(国)(的)(可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(发)(展)(速)(度)(和)(规)(模)(,在)(全)(球)(处)(于)(领)(先)(水)(平)(。不)(论)(是)(风)(能)(、太)(阳)(能)(还)(是)(生)(物)(质)(能)(,中)(国)(的)(发)(展)(速)(度)(均)(高)(于)(发)(达)(国)(家)(,中)(国)(正)(在)(考)(虑)(到)(2050年)(,将)(可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(占)(一)(次)(能)(源)(比)(重)(提)(升)(到)(50%左)(右)(。另)(外)(,中)(国)(的)(人)(口)(控)(制)(也)(为)(全)(球)(温)(室)(气)(体)(减)(排)(做)(出)(了)(积)(极)(的)(贡)(献)(。  董)(文)(博)(表)(示)(,党)(的)(十)(八)(大)(首)(次)(把)(大)(力)(推)(进)(生)(态)(文)(明)(建)(设)(独)(立)(成)(章)(,提)(出)(了)(“建)(设)(美)(丽)(中)(国)(”的)(理)(念)(,由)(此)(可)(见)(党)(和)(政)(府)(保)(护)(环)(境)(的)(决)(心)(。当)(前)(,需)(要)(将)(“建)(设)(美)(丽)(中)(国)(”的)(理)(念)(更)(好)(地)(向)(世)(界)(各)(国)(阐)(述)(,同)(时)(将)(此)(作)(为)(国)(策)(向)(国)(民)(做)(更)(深)(入)(的)(宣)(传)(,使)(国)(民)(人)(人)(树)(立)(“环)(保)(、低)(碳)(”的)(生)(活)(观)(念)(。  本)(报)(记)(者)(张)(炯)(强)()!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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