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美国概况

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月22日 09:32:04
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深圳开广告费发票██【电\微 15813★310971 李先生】【Q; 25880★8054】 ██▓信誉100%,专业100%,选择我们长期合作共赢!公司经百度推广!美国概况

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(  国)(旗)(:星)(条)(旗)(。呈)(横)(长)(方)(形)(,长)(与)(宽)(之)(比)(为)(19∶10。主)(体)(由)(13道)(红)(、白)(相)(间)(的)(宽)(条)(组)(成)(,7道)(红)(条)(,6道)(白)(条)(;旗)(面)(左)(上)(角)(为)(蓝)(色)(长)(方)(形)(,其)(中)(分)(9排)(横)(列)(着)(50颗)(白)(色)(五)(角)(星)(。红)(色)(象)(征)(强)(大)(和)(勇)(气)(,白)(色)(代)(表)(纯)(洁)(和)(清)(白)(,蓝)(色)(象)(征)(警)(惕)(、坚)(韧)(不)(拔)(和)(正)(义)(。13道)(宽)(条)(代)(表)(最)(早)(发)(动)(独)(立)(战)(争)(并)(取)(得)(胜)(利)(的)(13个)(州)(,50颗)(五)(角)(星)(代)(表)(美)(利)(坚)(合)(众)(国)(的)(州)(数)(。1818年)(美)(国)(国)(会)(通)(过)(法)(案)(,国)(旗)(上)(的)(红)(白)(宽)(条)(固)(定)(为)(13道)(,五)(角)(星)(数)(目)(应)(与)(合)(众)(国)(州)(数)(一)(致)(。每)(增)(加)(一)(个)(州)(,国)(旗)(上)(就)(增)(加)(一)(颗)(星)(,一)(般)(在)(新)(州)(加)(入)(后)(的)(第)(二)(年)(7月)(4日)(执)(行)(。至)(今)(国)(旗)(上)(已)(增)(至)(50颗)(星)(,代)(表)(美)(国)(的)(50个)(州)(。每)(年)(6月)(14日)(为)(“美)(国)(国)(旗)(制)(定)(纪)(念)(日)(”。在)(这)(一)(天)(,美)(国)(各)(地)(举)(行)(纪)(念)(活)(动)(,以)(示)(对)(国)(旗)(的)(敬)(重)(和)(对)(合)(众)(国)(的)(热)(爱)(。  国)(徽)(:主)(体)(为)(一)(只)(胸)(前)(带)(有)(盾)(形)(图)(案)(的)(白)(头)(海)(雕)((秃)(鹰)()。白)(头)(海)(雕)(是)(美)(国)(的)(国)(鸟)(,它)(是)(力)(量)(、勇)(气)(、自)(由)(和)(不)(朽)(的)(象)(征)(。盾)(面)(上)(半)(部)(为)(蓝)(色)(横)(长)(方)(形)(,下)(半)(部)(为)(红)(、白)(相)(间)(的)(竖)(条)(,其)(寓)(意)(同)(国)(旗)(。鹰)(之)(上)(的)(顶)(冠)(象)(征)(在)(世)(界)(的)(主)(权)(国)(家)(中)(又)(诞)(生)(一)(个)(新)(的)(独)(立)(国)(家)(——美)(利)(坚)(合)(众)(国)(;顶)(冠)(内)(有)(13颗)(白)(色)(五)(角)(星)(,代)(表)(美)(国)(最)(初)(的)(13个)(州)(。鹰)(的)(两)(爪)(分)(别)(抓)(着)(橄)(榄)(枝)(和)(箭)(,象)(征)(和)(平)(和)(武)(力)(。鹰)(嘴)(叼)(着)(的)(黄)(色)(绶)(带)(上)(用)(拉)(丁)(文)(写)(着)(“合)(众)(为)(一)(”,意)(为)(美)(利)(坚)(合)(众)(国)(由)(很)(多)(州)(组)(成)(,是)(一)(个)(完)(整)(的)(国)(家)(。  国)(歌)(:《星)(条)(旗)(永)(不)(落)(》("thestar-spangledbanner"曾)(译)(《星)(条)(旗)(》歌)(),歌)(词)(是)(一)(位)(名)(叫)(弗)(朗)(西)(斯)(·斯)(科)(特)(·基)(的)(美)(国)(律)(师)(在)(英)(美)(战)(争)(时)(,透)(过)(战)(场)(上)(的)(硝)(烟)(看)(到)(星)(条)(旗)(经)(过)(英)(军)(炮)(轰)(后)(仍)(在)(要)(塞)(上)(空)(高)(高)(飘)(扬)(时)(感)(慨)(万)(分)(而)(即)(景)(写)(下)(的)(。曲)(谱)(是)(“进)(行)(曲)(之)(王)(”苏)(萨)(的)(著)(名)(代)(表)(作)(。《星)(条)(旗)(永)(不)(落)(》于)(1931年)(被)(美)(国)(国)(会)(正)(式)(定)(为)(国)(歌)(。  国)(花)(:玫)(瑰)(花)(,象)(征)(着)(美)(丽)(、芬)(芳)(、热)(忱)(和)(爱)(情)(。1985年)(经)(参)(议)(院)(通)(过)(定)(为)(国)(花)(。  国)(石)(:蓝)(宝)(石)(国)(鸟)(:白)(头)(海)(雕)((秃)(鹰)()。美)(国)(是)(世)(界)(上)(最)(先)(确)(定)(国)(鸟)(的)(国)(家)(。白)(头)(雕)(最)(早)(出)(现)(于)(美)(国)(的)(旗)(帜)(上)(是)(在)(独)(立)(战)(争)(期)(间)(。1776年)(7月)(4日)(第)(二)(次)(大)(陆)(会)(议)(发)(表)(了)(《独)(立)(宣)(言)(》并)(决)(定)(新)(生)(的)(美)(国)(必)(须)(有)(一)(个)(特)(殊)(的)(国)(徽)(。1782年)(6月)(20日)(,美)(国)(国)(会)(通)(过)(决)(议)(,把)(北)(美)(洲)(特)(有)(的)(白)(头)(海)(雕)(作)(为)(美)(国)(的)(国)(鸟)(,并)(把)(这)(种)(鸟)(作)(为)(国)(徽)(图)(案)(的)(主)(体)(。白)(头)(雕)(外)(观)(美)(丽)(、性)(情)(凶)(猛)(,头)(上)(有)(丰)(满)(的)(羽)(毛)(,它)(的)(最)(大)(特)(点)(是)(两)(头)(白)(,即)(白)(头)(白)(尾)(。它)(代)(表)(着)(勇)(猛)(、力)(量)(和)(胜)(利)(。国)(名)(释)(义)(:美)(利)(坚)(合)(众)(国)((TheUnitedStatesofAmerica)简)(称)(美)(国)((U.S.A.)。美)(国)(因)(洲)(名)(而)(得)(名)(。在)(英)(语)(中)(,亚)(美)(利)(加)(和)(美)(利)(坚)(为)(同)(一)(词)(“America”,只)(是)(汉)(译)(不)(同)(,前)(者)(指)(全)(美)(洲)(,后)(者)(指)(美)(国)(。美)(国)(的)(绰)(号)(叫)(“山)(姆)(大)(叔)(”。传)(说)(1912年)(英)(美)(战)(争)(期)(间)(,美)(国)(纽)(约)(特)(罗)(伊)(城)(商)(人)(山)(姆)(·威)(尔)(逊)(在)(供)(应)(军)(队)(牛)(肉)(的)(桶)(上)(写)(有)(“u.s.”,表)(示)(这)(是)(美)(国)(的)(财)(产)(。这)(恰)(与)(他)(的)(昵)(称)(“山)(姆)(大)(叔)(”(“unclesam”)的)(缩)(写)((“u.s.”)相)(同)(,于)(是)(人)(们)(便)(戏)(称)(这)(些)(带)(有)(“u.s.”标)(记)(的)(物)(资)(都)(是)(“山)(姆)(大)(叔)(”的)(。后)(来)(,“山)(姆)(大)(叔)(”就)(逐)(渐)(成)(了)(美)(国)(的)(绰)(号)(。十)(九)(世)(纪)(三)(十)(年)(代)(,美)(国)(的)(漫)(画)(家)(又)(将)(“山)(姆)(大)(叔)(”画)(成)(一)(个)(头)(戴)(星)(条)(高)(帽)(、蓄)(着)(山)(羊)(胡)(须)(的)(白)(发)(瘦)(高)(老)(人)(。1961年)(美)(国)(国)(会)(通)(过)(决)(议)(,正)(式)(承)(认)(“山)(姆)(大)(叔)(”为)(美)(国)(的)(象)(征)(。国)(庆)(日)(:7月)(4日)((美)(国)(独)(立)(日)(,1776年)()  国)(家)(政)(要)(:美)(国)(43任)((第)(54届)()总)(统)(乔)(治)(·沃)(克)(·布)(什)(,2001年)(1月)(20日)(宣)(誓)(就)(职)(;副)(总)(统)(切)(尼)(;国)(务)(卿)(鲍)(威)(尔)(;国)(防)(部)(长)(拉)(姆)(斯)(菲)(尔)(德)(;总)(统)(国)(家)(安)(全)(事)(务)(助)(理)(赖)(斯)(;众)(议)(院)(议)(长)(丹)(尼)(斯)(·哈)(斯)(特)(尔)(特)(,1999年)(1月)(当)(选)(,2001年)(连)(任)(。  自)(然)(地)(理)(:位)(于)(北)(美)(洲)(中)(部)(,领)(土)(还)(包)(括)(北)(美)(洲)(西)(北)(部)(的)(阿)(拉)(斯)(加)(和)(太)(平)(洋)(中)(部)(的)(夏)(威)(夷)(群)(岛)(。北)(与)(加)(拿)(大)(接)(壤)(,南)(靠)(墨)(西)(哥)(和)(墨)(西)(哥)(湾)(,西)(临)(太)(平)(洋)(,东)(濒)(大)(西)(洋)(。面)(积)(937.2614万)(平)(方)(公)(里)(,本)(土)(东)(西)(长)(4500公)(里)(,南)(北)(宽)(2700公)(里)(,海)(岸)(线)(长)(22680公)(里)(。大)(部)(分)(地)(区)(属)(于)(大)(陆)(性)(气)(候)(,南)(部)(属)(亚)(热)(带)(气)(候)(。中)(北)(部)(平)(原)(温)(差)(很)(大)(,芝)(加)(哥)(1月)(平)(均)(气)(温)(-3℃,7月)(24℃;墨)(西)(哥)(湾)(沿)(岸)(1月)(平)(均)(气)(温)(11℃,7月)(28℃。(左)(图)(为)(位)(于)(美)(国)(佛)(罗)(里)(达)(州)(基)(韦)(斯)(特)(岛)(上)(“美)(国)(最)(南)(端)(的)(位)(置)(”标)(志)()  首)(都)(:华)(盛)(顿)(哥)(伦)(比)(亚)(特)(区)((WashingtonD.C.),人)(口)(约)(52万)((2000年)()。  人)(口)(:2.83亿)((2001年)()。其)(中)(白)(人)(约)(占)(84%,黑)(人)(约)(占)(13%,亚)(裔)(3.3%,华)(人)(约)(160多)(万)(,多)(已)(入)(美)(国)(籍)(。通)(用)(英)(语)(。56%的)(居)(民)(信)(奉)(基)(督)(教)(新)(教)(,28%信)(奉)(天)(主)(教)(,2%信)(奉)(犹)(太)(教)(,信)(奉)(其)(他)(宗)(教)(的)(占)(4%,不)(属)(于)(任)(何)(教)(派)(的)(占)(10%。  简)(史)(:原)(为)(印)(第)(安)(人)(聚)(居)(地)(。15世)(纪)(末)(,西)(班)(牙)(、荷)(兰)(、法)(国)(、英)(国)(等)(开)(始)(向)(北)(美)(移)(民)(。英)(国)(后)(来)(居)(上)(,到)(1773年)(,英)(国)(已)(建)(立)(了)(13个)(殖)(民)(地)(。1775年)(爆)(发)(了)(北)(美)(人)(民)(反)(对)(英)(国)(殖)(民)(者)(的)(独)(立)(战)(争)(。1776年)(7月)(4日)(在)(费)(城)(召)(开)(了)(第)(二)(次)(大)(陆)(会)(议)(,组)(成)(“大)(陆)(军)(”,由)(乔)(治)(·华)(盛)(顿)(任)(总)(司)(令)(,通)(过)(了)(《独)(立)(宣)(言)(》,正)(式)(宣)(布)(建)(立)(美)(利)(坚)(合)(众)(国)(。1783年)(独)(立)(战)(争)(结)(束)(,1787年)(制)(定)(联)(邦)(宪)(法)(,1788年)(乔)(治)(·华)(盛)(顿)(当)(选)(为)(第)(一)(任)(总)(统)(。1812年)(后)(完)(全)(摆)(脱)(英)(国)(统)(治)(。1860年)(反)(对)(黑)(奴)(制)(度)(的)(共)(和)(党)(人)(亚)(伯)(拉)(罕)(·林)(肯)(当)(选)(总)(统)(。1862年)(9月)(宣)(布)(《解)(放)(黑)(奴)(宣)(言)(》后)(,南)(部)(奴)(隶)(主)(发)(动)(叛)(乱)(,爆)(发)(了)(南)(北)(战)(争)(。1865年)(,战)(争)(以)(北)(方)(获)(胜)(而)(结)(束)(,从)(而)(为)(资)(本)(主)(义)(在)(美)(国)(的)(迅)(速)(发)(展)(扫)(清)(了)(道)(路)(。19世)(纪)(初)(,随)(着)(资)(本)(主)(义)(的)(发)(展)(,美)(国)(开)(始)(对)(外)(扩)(张)(。在)(1776年)(后)(的)(100年)(内)(,美)(国)(领)(土)(几)(乎)(扩)(张)(了)(10倍)(。第)(二)(次)(世)(界)(大)(战)(后)(,美)(国)(国)(力)(大)(增)(。  行)(政)(区)(划)(:分)(十)(大)(地)(区)(:新)(英)(格)(兰)(地)(区)(、中)(央)(地)(区)(、中)(大)(西)(洋)(地)(区)(、西)(南)(地)(区)(、阿)(巴)(拉)(契)(亚)(山)(地)(区)(、高)(山)(地)(区)(、东)(南)(地)(区)(、太)(平)(洋)(沿)(岸)(地)(区)(、大)(湖)(地)(区)(和)(阿)(拉)(斯)(加)(与)(夏)(威)(夷)(。共)(有)(50个)(州)(和)(首)(都)(所)(在)(地)(华)(盛)(顿)(哥)(伦)(比)(亚)(特)(区)(,有)(3042个)(县)(。联)(邦)(领)(地)(包)(括)(波)(多)(黎)(各)(自)(由)(联)(邦)(和)(北)(马)(里)(亚)(纳)(;海)(外)(领)(地)(包)(括)(关)(岛)(、美)(属)(萨)(摩)(亚)(群)(岛)(、美)(属)(维)(尔)(京)(群)(岛)(等)(。50个)(州)(的)(名)(称)(为)(:亚)(拉)(巴)(马)(、阿)(拉)(斯)(加)(、亚)(利)(桑)(那)(、阿)(肯)(色)(、加)(利)(福)(尼)(亚)(、科)(罗)(拉)(多)(、康)(涅)(狄)(格)(、特)(拉)(华)(、佛)(罗)(里)(达)(、佐)(治)(亚)(、夏)(威)(夷)(、爱)(达)(荷)(、伊)(利)(诺)(伊)(、印)(第)(安)(纳)(、艾)(奥)(瓦)(、堪)(萨)(斯)(、肯)(塔)(基)(、路)(易)(斯)(安)(那)(、缅)(因)(、马)(里)(兰)(、马)(萨)(诸)(塞)(、密)(歇)(根)(、明)(尼)(苏)(达)(、密)(西)(西)(比)(、密)(苏)(里)(、蒙)(大)(拿)(、内)(布)(拉)(斯)(加)(、内)(华)(达)(、新)(罕)(布)(什)(尔)(、新)(泽)(西)(、新)(墨)(西)(哥)(、纽)(约)(、北)(卡)(罗)(来)(纳)(、北)(达)(科)(他)(、俄)(亥)(俄)(、俄)(克)(拉)(何)(马)(、俄)(勒)(冈)(、宾)(夕)(法)(尼)(亚)(、罗)(得)(岛)(、南)(卡)(罗)(来)(纳)(、南)(达)(科)(他)(、田)(纳)(西)(、得)(克)(萨)(斯)(、犹)(他)(、佛)(蒙)(特)(、弗)(吉)(尼)(亚)(、华)(盛)(顿)(、西)(弗)(吉)(尼)(亚)(、威)(斯)(康)(星)(、怀)(俄)(明)(>>>主)(要)(城)(市)(:华)(盛)(顿)(市)((哥)(伦)(比)(亚)(特)(区)()、纽)(约)(市)((纽)(约)(州)()、芝)(加)(哥)(市)((伊)(利)(诺)(伊)(州)()、洛)(杉)(矶)(市)((加)(利)(福)(尼)(亚)(州)()、费)(城)((宾)(夕)(法)(尼)(亚)(州)()、休)(斯)(敦)(市)((得)(克)(萨)(斯)(州)()、底)(特)(律)(市)((密)(歇)(根)(州)()、达)(拉)(斯)(市)((得)(克)(萨)(斯)(州)()、巴)(尔)(的)(摩)(市)((马)(里)(兰)(州)()、菲)(尼)(克)(斯)(市)((亚)(利)(桑)(那)(州)()、圣)(弗)(朗)(西)(斯)(科)((即)(旧)(金)(山)(市)(,加)(利)(福)(尼)(亚)(州)()、克)(利)(夫)(兰)(市)((俄)(亥)(俄)(州)()、波)(士)(顿)(市)((马)(萨)(诸)(塞)(州)()、新)(奥)(尔)(良)(市)((路)(易)(斯)(安)(那)(州)()、西)(雅)(图)(市)((华)(盛)(顿)(州)()、丹)(佛)(市)((科)(罗)(拉)(多)(州)()、圣)(路)(易)(斯)(市)((密)(苏)(里)(州)()、明)(尼)(阿)(波)(利)(斯)(市)((明)(尼)(苏)(达)(州)()、火)(奴)(鲁)(鲁)((即)(檀)(香)(山)(,夏)(威)(夷)(州)()、布)(法)(罗)(市)((纽)(约)(州)()、盐)(湖)(城)((犹)(他)(州)()、朱)(诺)(市)((阿)(拉)(斯)(加)(州)()。)!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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