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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月21日 14:31:16
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(  中)(国)(于)(1985年)(7月)(与)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(建)(立)(大)(使)(级)(外)(交)(关)(系)(。同)(年)(9月)(,中)(国)(大)(使)(馆)(在)(拉)(巴)(斯)(设)(立)(。20多)(年)(来)(,先)(后)(有)(9位)(中)(国)(大)(使)(被)(派)(到)(这)(里)(工)(作)(,张)(拓)(就)(是)(其)(中)(之)(一)(。  40年)(没)(说)(一)(个)(“不)(”字)(  2002年)(3月)(,外)(交)(部)(领)(导)(找)(张)(拓)(征)(求)(意)(见)(,是)(否)(可)(以)(到)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(使)(馆)(工)(作)(。张)(拓)(考)(虑)(了)(一)(下)(,说)(:“我)(这)(一)(辈)(子)(,40多)(年)(,从)(来)(没)(有)(说)(对)(领)(导)(的)(安)(排)(和)(部)(署)(说)(一)(个)("不)("字)(。没)(有)(问)(题)(,如)(果)(领)(导)(让)(我)(去)(的)(话)(,我)(同)(意)(。当)(然)(,我)(明)(天)(答)(复)(,今)(天)(回)(去)(之)(后)(需)(要)(跟)(家)(人)(、爱)(人)(打)(声)(招)(呼)(。”  张)(拓)(的)(妻)(子)(林)(海)(也)(是)(一)(位)(外)(交)(官)(,对)(“外)(交)(官)(坟)(墓)(”早)(有)(耳)(闻)(,虽)(然)(非)(常)(担)(心)(,但)(她)(还)(是)(支)(持)(丈)(夫)(接)(受)(组)(织)(安)(排)(。林)(海)(与)(张)(拓)(是)(大)(学)(同)(学)(,后)(来)(又)(一)(起)(到)(墨)(西)(哥)(留)(学)(,一)(起)(到)(外)(交)(部)(工)(作)(,在)(多)(年)(的)(驻)(外)(生)(活)(中)(,两)(人)(一)(直)(没)(有)(分)(开)(过)(,但)(是)(此)(时)(女)(儿)(正)(面)(临)(高)(考)(,夫)(妻)(俩)(商)(量)(决)(定)(,林)(海)(暂)(时)(留)(下)(来)(。  办)(公)(室)(装)(着)(氧)(气)(瓶)(  高)(原)(生)(活)(对)(每)(一)(个)(来)(自)(平)(原)(地)(区)(的)(人)(都)(是)(一)(个)(严)(峻)(的)(考)(验)(。拉)(巴)(斯)(是)(一)(座)(山)(城)(,整)(个)(城)(市)(建)(在)(雪)(峰)(夹)(峙)(的)(谷)(坡)(上)(,这)(里)(的)(氧)(气)(含)(量)(只)(有)(北)(京)(地)(区)(的)(65%,气)(压)(也)(比)(北)(京)(低)(30%—40%。很)(多)(在)(平)(原)(地)(区)(做)(起)(来)(非)(常)(简)(单)(的)(事)(情)(,在)(这)(里)(都)(会)(让)(人)(感)(到)(很)(困)(难)(。  2002年)(9月)(,47岁)(的)(张)(拓)(到)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(赴)(任)(。他)(很)(快)(尝)(到)(了)(高)(原)(缺)(氧)(的)(滋)(味)(。“马)(上)(的)(反)(应)(就)(是)(心)(跳)(加)(快)(,嘴)(唇)(发)(紫)(,视)(力)(减)(退)(,消)(化)(不)(良)(等)(等)(,还)(有)(头)(疼)(,反)(应)(最)(强)(烈)(就)(是)(头)(疼)(头)(晕)(。”  他)(举)(例)(说)(,比)(如)(政)(治)(学)(习)(的)(时)(候)(,把)(大)(家)(弄)(一)(个)(屋)(子)(里)(,半)(个)(小)(时)(,各)(式)(各)(样)(的)(高)(原)(反)(应)(就)(出)(来)(了)(,头)(疼)(的)(,难)(受)(的)(,必)(须)(打)(开)(门)(。但)(有)(时)(候)(传)(达)(保)(密)(内)(容)(不)(可)(以)(打)(开)(门)(,身)(体)(上)(真)(是)(非)(常)(难)(受)(。“我)(们)(每)(个)(星)(期)(都)(开)(办)(公)(会)(,开)(会)(的)(时)(候)(,到)(后)(期)(我)(都)(要)(一)(个)(手)(拿)(着)(氧)(气)(吸)(,一)(边)(听)(别)(人)(讲)(话)(。”  张)(拓)(说)(,他)(们)(每)(个)(人)(住)(处)(一)(定)(会)(放)(一)(台)(氧)(气)(机)(,还)(有)(瓶)(装)(的)(氧)(气)(,半)(夜)(起)(来)(觉)(得)(难)(受)(的)(时)(候)(,就)(把)(氧)(气)(打)(开)(,吸)(一)(吸)(。后)(来)(,每)(家)(每)(户)(还)(都)(配)(备)(了)(电)(话)(呼)(救)(系)(统)(。“我)(记)(得)(我)(们)(有)(一)(个)(武)(官)(,没)(有)(氧)(气)(机)(之)(前)(,他)(每)(天)(睡)(觉)(只)(能)(睡)(三)(四)(个)(小)(时)(。我)(问)(他)(怎)(么)(办)(,他)(说)(就)(打)(开)(灯)(,泡)(在)(澡)(盆)(里)(面)(,泡)(一)(个)(热)(水)(澡)(,看)(书)(一)(直)(到)(天)(亮)(。”  不)(少)(工)(作)(人)(员)(曾)(经)(昏)(倒)(  张)(拓)(到)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(的)(第)(二)(年)(,女)(儿)(考)(上)(了)(大)(学)(,妻)(子)(林)(海)(来)(到)(他)(身)(边)(。林)(海)(的)(身)(体)(非)(常)(瘦)(弱)(,到)(现)(在)(为)(止)(体)(重)(也)(只)(有)(80多)(斤)(,但)(她)(仍)(然)(要)(上)(高)(原)(。  到)(了)(那)(里)(,林)(海)(曾)(经)(因)(缺)(氧)(而)(休)(克)(。但)(她)(最)(担)(心)(的)(却)(是)(丈)(夫)(的)(身)(体)(。张)(拓)(的)(嘴)(唇)(总)(是)(青)(紫)(的)(,血)(压)(也)(不)(正)(常)(,加)(上)(他)(从)(小)(喜)(爱)(的)(体)(育)(锻)(炼)(也)(不)(得)(不)(因)(为)(特)(殊)(的)(自)(然)(环)(境)(而)(停)(下)(来)(,他)(的)(身)(体)(素)(质)(明)(显)(下)(降)(。  高)(原)(反)(应)(常)(常)(引)(发)(意)(想)(不)(到)(的)(疾)(病)(,而)(即)(使)(是)(一)(点)(小)(病)(有)(时)(也)(会)(导)(致)(生)(命)(危)(险)(。2004年)(,中)(国)(驻)(秘)(鲁)(使)(馆)(的)(一)(位)(外)(交)(官)(到)(拉)(巴)(斯)(出)(差)(,就)(因)(为)(高)(原)(反)(应)(引)(发)(严)(重)(的)(疾)(病)(,倒)(在)(了)(远)(离)(祖)(国)(的)(南)(美)(高)(原)(。  张)(拓)(在)(那)(里)(任)(职)(期)(间)(,几)(乎)(每)(一)(年)(都)(有)(外)(交)(官)(因)(为)(高)(原)(缺)(氧)(死)(亡)(。“我)(们)(中)(国)(大)(使)(馆)(幸)(好)(没)(有)(人)(牺)(牲)(,但)(是)(我)(亲)(眼)(看)(到)(晕)(倒)(的)(就)(有)(四)(个)(!我)(的)(一)(位)(参)(赞)(两)(次)(晕)(倒)(在)(宴)(会)(桌)(上)(。有)(的)(同)(志)(即)(使)(到)(马)(上)(要)(离)(任)(的)(时)(候)(了)(,快)(走)(了)(,还)(晕)(倒)(在)(机)(场)(上)(。因)(此)(,在)(高)(原)(的)(艰)(苦)(是)(另)(类)(的)(艰)(苦)(,是)(缺)(一)(口)(气)(的)(艰)(苦)(”。  在)(这)(里)(躺)(着)(也)(是)(奉)(献)(  对)(于)(中)(国)(驻)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(的)(外)(交)(官)(们)(来)(说)(,高)(原)(自)(然)(环)(境)(的)(艰)(苦)(并)(不)(是)(他)(们)(面)(临)(的)(唯)(一)(考)(验)(。  玻)(利)(维)(亚)(非)(常)(贫)(穷)(,是)(联)(合)(国)(公)(布)(的)(25个)(世)(界)(上)(最)(贫)(穷)(的)(国)(家)(之)(一)(,60%以)(上)(的)(人)(还)(处)(于)(贫)(困)(线)(以)(下)(,真)(正)(有)(消)(费)(能)(力)(的)(人)(只)(占)(总)(人)(口)(的)(30%多)(。但)(实)(际)(上)(,玻)(利)(维)(亚)(国)(民)(自)(称)(为)(“坐)(在)(金)(椅)(子)(上)(的)(乞)(丐)(”。因)(为)(那)(里)(有)(着)(非)(常)(丰)(富)(的)(自)(然)(资)(源)(,全)(国)(2/3地)(区)(蕴)(藏)(丰)(富)(的)(石)(油)(,已)(探)(明)(的)(天)(然)(气)(储)(量)(在)(南)(美)(居)(第)(二)(位)(,是)(周)(边)(国)(家)(重)(要)(的)(能)(源)(供)(应)(地)(。同)(时)(,玻)(利)(维)(亚)(的)(多)(种)(矿)(物)(资)(源)(藏)(量)(也)(居)(世)(界)(前)(列)(,是)(世)(界)(著)(名)(的)(矿)(产)(品)(出)(口)(国)(。可)(是)(,丰)(富)(的)(自)(然)(资)(源)(并)(没)(有)(给)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(人)(民)(带)(来)(安)(宁)(和)(富)(足)(。  这)(里)(政)(局)(异)(常)(混)(乱)(,建)(国)(180年)(来)(换)(了)(170多)(个)(总)(统)(,张)(拓)(任)(职)(的)(三)(年)(半)(时)(间)(里)(就)(换)(了)(四)(个)(总)(统)(。长)(期)(的)(政)(局)(动)(荡)(,给)(外)(交)(官)(们)(的)(工)(作)(带)(来)(很)(大)(压)(力)(。虽)(然)(自)(建)(交)(以)(来)(中)(玻)(两)(国)(关)(系)(发)(展)(顺)(利)(,但)(是)(台)(湾)(当)(局)(一)(直)(不)(甘)(心)(在)(这)(个)(南)(美)(国)(家)(的)(失)(败)(,长)(期)(以)(来)(苦)(心)(经)(营)(,加)(上)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(特)(殊)(的)(社)(会)(环)(境)(,中)(玻)(两)(国)(关)(系)(面)(临)(复)(杂)(的)(局)(面)(和)(严)(峻)(考)(验)(。  张)(拓)(曾)(经)(在)(全)(馆)(大)(会)(上)(说)(,在)(这)(里)(工)(作)(的)(确)(非)(常)(艰)(苦)(,坦)(率)(地)(说)(,你)(就)(算)(在)(这)(里)(躺)(着)(,不)(工)(作)(,也)(是)(一)(种)(奉)(献)(。但)(是)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(使)(馆)(的)(“涉)(台)(”工)(作)(这)(么)(繁)(重)(,一)(旦)(丢)(失)(外)(交)(阵)(地)(,就)(无)(法)(向)(祖)(国)(交)(代)(。因)(此)(不)(管)(高)(原)(不)(高)(原)(,工)(作)(必)(须)(做)(好)(,“高)(原)(需)(要)(更)(高)(的)(标)(准)(,缺)(氧)(我)(们)(不)(可)(以)(缺)(精)(神)(,坚)(持)(到)(底)(就)(是)(英)(雄)(”。  最)(高)(纪)(录)(一)(天)(12场)(活)(动)(  为)(了)(实)(践)(这)(一)(诺)(言)(,张)(拓)(和)(他)(的)(同)(事)(们)(付)(出)(了)(加)(倍)(的)(辛)(劳)(。在)(高)(原)(苦)(寒)(之)(地)(,他)(们)(克)(服)(种)(种)(困)(难)(,不)(断)(地)(去)(对)(外)(交)(涉)(、对)(外)(宣)(传)(,不)(断)(地)(与)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(各)(界)(人)(士)(交)(朋)(友)(。  张)(拓)(回)(忆)(自)(己)(那)(一)(段)(职)(业)(生)(涯)(:“有)(时)(候)(一)(天)(我)(可)(以)(安)(排)(三)(场)(或)(者)(四)(场)(宴)(会)(,从)(早)(上)(共)(进)(工)(作)(早)(餐)(,一)(直)(到)(中)(午)(宴)(请)(,晚)(上)(还)(要)(宴)(请)(两)(场)(。外)(国)(人)(吃)(饭)(的)(时)(候)(很)(晚)(,晚)(上)(9点)(、10点)(才)(来)(,一)(吃)(就)(12点)(,而)(且)(几)(乎)(每)(一)(天)(都)(到)(12点)(,1点)(之)(后)(才)(休)(息)(。我)(的)(对)(外)(活)(动)(大)(事)(记)(里)(,最)(高)(纪)(录)(是)(一)(天)(12场)(活)(动)(!”  高)(原)(并)(不)(适)(合)(人)(们)(长)(时)(间)(地)(紧)(张)(工)(作)(,但)(是)(外)(交)(官)(们)(却)(很)(难)(顾)(及)(到)(这)(些)(。特)(别)(是)(这)(些)(年)(来)(随)(着)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(和)(综)(合)(国)(力)(的)(增)(强)(,中)(玻)(两)(国)(的)(经)(贸)(合)(作)(以)(及)(中)(国)(对)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(的)(援)(助)(都)(大)(大)(提)(升)(,这)(自)(然)(也)(加)(大)(了)(外)(交)(官)(们)(的)(工)(作)(强)(度)(。  中)(国)(的)(一)(些)(援)(建)(项)(目)(都)(在)(海)(拔)(4000多)(米)(,或)(者)(5000多)(米)(以)(上)(。还)(有)(一)(些)(企)(业)(愿)(意)(到)(矿)(区)(考)(察)(开)(发)(事)(宜)(,矿)(区)(也)(都)(海)(拔)(很)(高)(,大)(使)(馆)(的)(工)(作)(人)(员)(都)(要)(陪)(同)(。很)(多)(地)(方)(路)(都)(不)(通)(,需)(要)(步)(行)(,外)(交)(官)(们)(就)(这)(样)(坚)(持)(着)(,在)(高)(海)(拔)(的)(岗)(位)(上)(高)(质)(量)(地)(完)(成)(工)(作)(。  夫)(人)(也)(发)(挥)(了)(特)(殊)(作)(用)(  从)(2002年)(9月)(到)(2006年)(初)(,尽)(管)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(政)(局)(连)(年)(动)(荡)(,但)(在)(张)(拓)(大)(使)(和)(全)(体)(馆)(员)(的)(一)(致)(努)(力)(下)(,中)(玻)(关)(系)(发)(展)(顺)(利)(。2005年)(12月)(18日)(,玻)(利)(维)(亚)(左)(翼)(领)(袖)(埃)(沃)(·莫)(拉)(莱)(斯)(·艾)(玛)(在)(总)(统)(选)(举)(中)(获)(胜)(,成)(为)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(首)(位)(印)(第)(安)(人)(总)(统)(。大)(选)(获)(胜)(后)(不)(久)(,莫)(拉)(莱)(斯)(就)(与)(张)(拓)(大)(使)(联)(系)(,希)(望)(实)(现)(访)(华)(之)(行)(。2006年)(1月)(8日)(,应)(中)(国)(政)(府)(邀)(请)(,总)(统)(正)(式)(访)(华)(。作)(为)(拉)(美)(国)(家)(的)(总)(统)(刚)(刚)(当)(选)(就)(访)(问)(中)(国)(,这)(种)(外)(交)(行)(动)(非)(常)(罕)(见)(。  张)(拓)(跟)(这)(位)(新)(任)(总)(统)(关)(系)(良)(好)(,他)(到)(任)(后)(的)(第)(一)(次)(国)(庆)(招)(待)(会)(上)(,当)(时)(作)(为)(全)(国)(第)(二)(大)(政)(治)(力)(量)(领)(袖)(的)(埃)(沃)(·莫)(拉)(莱)(斯)(·艾)(玛)(就)(亲)(自)(参)(加)(,后)(来)(还)(曾)(两)(次)(到)(张)(拓)(官)(邸)(出)(席)(宴)(会)(。平)(时)(,他)(们)(相)(互)(之)(间)(以)(兄)(弟)(相)(称)(。  张)(拓)(的)(夫)(人)(林)(海)(在)(其)(中)(发)(挥)(了)(很)(特)(殊)(的)(作)(用)(,她)(与)(总)(统)(夫)(人)(也)(是)(好)(朋)(友)(。有)(时)(总)(统)(夫)(人)(出)(去)(巡)(视)(工)(作)(,也)(带)(着)(林)(海)(去)(;请)(张)(拓)(夫)(妇)(到)(总)(统)(官)(邸)(共)(进)(晚)(餐)(时)(,总)(统)(夫)(人)(还)(亲)(自)(下)(厨)(做)(家)(乡)(特)(色)(菜)(款)(待)(中)(国)(外)(交)(官)(。  张)(拓)(在)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(工)(作)(了)(三)(年)(零)(五)(个)(月)(,是)(在)(高)(原)(国)(家)(任)(职)(时)(间)(最)(长)(的)(大)(使)(之)(一)(。在)(他)(的)(任)(期)(内)(,中)(玻)(两)(国)(政)(治)(互)(信)(不)(断)(加)(强)(,两)(国)(在)(文)(教)(、科)(技)(、军)(事)(等)(各)(领)(域)(的)(交)(流)(与)(合)(作)(不)(断)(深)(化)(,经)(贸)(往)(来)(也)(日)(益)(增)(多)(,双)(方)(在)(国)(际)(事)(务)(中)(彼)(此)(理)(解)(,相)(互)(支)(持)(,已)(经)(成)(为)(可)(信)(赖)(的)(合)(作)(伙)(伴)(。  张)(拓)(大)(使)(在)(任)(期)(间)(共)(获)(得)(七)(枚)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(政)(府)(颁)(发)(的)(勋)(章)(。他)(于)(2006年)(2月)(调)(离)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(,现)(任)(中)(国)(驻)(委)(内)(瑞)(拉)(大)(使)(。  2006年)(,赵)(五)(一)(出)(任)(中)(国)(驻)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(大)(使)(。20年)(前)(,他)(曾)(是)(中)(玻)(建)(交)(后)(第)(一)(批)(到)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(工)(作)(的)(外)(交)(官)(,如)(今)(他)(重)(返)(南)(美)(高)(原)(之)(国)(,成)(为)(第)(九)(任)(中)(国)(驻)(玻)(利)(维)(亚)(大)(使)(。)!

作者:【龙虎和代理】


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